Tuesday, June 10, 2008

Thursday Thirteen #9 - Hen and Chicks of the plant variety



I know, it's Tuesday, but my schedule hasn't been cooperating of late, so I thought I'd try for early! ;)

I’ve become enamored of these hardy little plants (ok, some of them are hardier than others as I’ve seen first hand) and thought I’d learn a little more about them to share with you!

1. Hens and chicks are succulent evergreen perennials. This means that they have foliage that sticks around and keeps it’s color throughout the year, and that they live longer than annuals, which only live for 1 year. I’ve had my little pot of Hen and Chicks for going on 3 years now (maybe more) and they’re still happily multiplying away!

2. They are known for their rosette shape, which is actually more important than their blooms, and the way they propagate.

3. Upon maturity (usually around 3 to 4 years old) the plant will send up a single stalk that can reach 5-15 cm tall. The head of the stalk is a cluster of star-shaped flower buds 1-2 cm in diameter, which range in color from dark pink to yellow and that flower for several weeks. After blooming, the plant will die. Usually by this time it has produced many offsets ('chicks').

4. To propagate themselves, the Hen will send off miniatures of itself on shoots, these are the chicks. These chicks are easily transplanted, just carefully pull them away from the Hen, and replant where you want them, provided it’s in full sun to partial shade and in well-drained soil. Too much water is bad for these guys!


5. Colours range from lime green to burgundy to purple, and size varies from as small as 1 cm to as large as 20 cm across. The leaves can be thin and spiky or thick and rounded with a pointed tip. Some, such as Cobweb Houseleek, have fine spiderweb-like filaments that grow naturally from leaf edge to leaf edge, forming a white cover on the top of the plant, while others have fine hairs that cover the entire plant structure.

A popular planter for them is generally a strawberry jar, often terracotta with openings around the sides, but really as long as they are well drained and have sunlight, they will probably do well. They can go in the ground, or in just about any container really. This group is in a glass pie plate!

6. Hen and chicks are very popular for and well suited to rock gardening because of their hardiness, and shallow roots. They thrive in crowded conditions, provided they’re not being shaded out by taller plants.



7. The Latin name for one of the many varieties (and there are many!) of Hen and chicks is Sempervivum tectorum. Sempervivum means “always live” hence the evergreen part of the name. Tectorum however means “on roofs” . Being indigineous to Europe, they were often planted in thatched roofs there, where they were supposed to provide protection against lightning-induced fires, due to the plants' association with two gods of lightning: Thor and Zeus (Jupiter). In this case, folklore is justified, in the sense that succulents such as hens and chicks are fire-resistant and would perhaps slow down the spread of fire through thatch.

8. another site listed: The Frankish King Charlemagne (742-814 CE) told his subjects to plant the herb on their roofs since it reputedly warded off lightning and fire.

9. Other Common names for them are: Houseleek, Jupiter's Eye, Jupiter's Beard, Thor's Beard, Bullock's Eye, Sengreen, Ayron, Ayegreen, Aaron's Rod, Hens and Chickens, Liveforever, Thunder Plant

10. They belong to the plant family Crassulaceae (krass-yoo-LAY-see-ay), that’s just fun to say, isn’t it? It’s in the same family as the jade plant.



11. Some traditional uses for them (but I don’t think I’m going to try it!):

>Freshly pressed leaves and their juice are used externally to soothe skin conditions, including burns, wounds, ulcers, insect bites, sore nipples, corns, inflammations, hemorrhoids, eczema, stomatitis, fungal infections, as well as itchy and burning parts of the skin.

>Infusions are used internally to treat inflammations of the mucous membranes and has long been used to treat dysentery, diarrhea, worm infestations, and for heavy menstrual bleeding.

>Gargles of the juice may be used to treat throat inflammations, including tonsillitis and stomatitis (inflammations of the oral cavity).

>Traditionally, the leaves were chewed to relieve toothache and the juice sniffed to stop nosebleeds.

>They seem to be regarded as a weak form of Aloe Vera (used for some of the same things)

12. Here’s a store on e-bay that even sells them! I may have to keep track of her! I actually found this because I wanted to find more pictures that showed the variety and just looking at her list of things is pretty good! Mom's Hens and Chicks

13. This blog post has some pretty good pictures too (of hen-and-chicks, and well, half of the blogger in his underwear, but it’s not too hard on the eyes! ;) ) About a Boy and His Briefs, an his Hens and Chicks too!
And on that note, I’ll end this TT13! Thanks for stopping by!

sources:
http://landscaping.about.com/od/plantsforsunnydryareas/p/hens_and_chicks.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sempervivum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crassulaceae
http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/54606/
http://www.innvista.com/health/herbs/henschic.htm
http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/herbalism/91501
http://www.backyardnature.com/cgi-bin/gt/tpl.h,content=298

Previously none of the pics were mine, but I've replaced the very top one with a picture of my own plants! They're just going to town as you can see, pushing and shoving each other!

14 comments:

  1. The juice from them really is soothing on sun burns and itches. My grandmother used to grow them in her garden.

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  2. How cool! I don't know very much about cactus - although I have a few around the house. I've seen these in those wall planters - very very cool

    Happy TT!

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  3. They are popular around here, too. Now you have me wishing I could plant a green roof and put those babies on it... they'd be perfect, it sounds like.

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  4. That's interesting. My grandmother called a different plant by that name because of the way it sprouted up all over the garden. This looks like a beautiful namesake.

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  5. Very cool list. I have some hens and chicks in my flower garden. Last year for the first time I had one of the flower stalks you mentioned. Now I know what it was all about.

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  6. that was exactly the same thing I said to my husband last night, now I know why they did that! LOL! My pot was about 3 years old last year, and sure enough, I had started with 2 rather large ones, and had a couple big stalks! They were pretty weird looking, honestly, kinda snakey and creepy! :D Definitely not the reason I like the plant, that's for sure! ;)

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  7. I remember Hen and Chicks from my childhood. My mom had them growing around the yard.

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  8. What a fun little plant! Good T-13!

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  9. Hmmm, maybe that's a plant I wouldn't kill.
    Nah, I think I'm hopeless. But thanks for the moment of fantasy that my thumb isn't truly black.

    Gratz on being featured too!

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  10. Oh wow, I didn't even know I'd been featured until you said that! LOL! Neat! :D

    I will definitely catch up with all my visitors tonight when I get home, it's hard to sneak too many peeks here at work!

    Thanks everyone!

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  11. I'm so ignorant about plants, I found this really interesting! Hens and chicks are beautiful!

    Hope you'll stop by my TT when you get a moment. :)

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  12. Cool! I learn something new everyday.

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  13. This sounds like my kind of plant!

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